Title, Democracia y totalitarismo. Volume of Biblioteca Breve · Biblioteca Breve. Ciencias Humanas · Biblioteca breve (Seix Barral).: Ciencias humanas. Democracia y totalitarismo. Front Cover. Raymond Aron. Seix Barral, – pages Bibliographic information. QR code for Democracia y totalitarismo. Democracia y totalitarismo. By Raymond Aron. About this book · Get Textbooks on Google Play. Rent and save from the world’s largest eBookstore. Read.
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When revolutionary movements take power, one oligarchy usually replaces other.
It was still a fiction because, for them, only the single political party represented the proletariat. Once again, the unconditional unanimities. Raymojd this regard we could reflect on a Montesquieu quote, transcribed by Aron, who affirms that whenever we see everybody tranquil in a state that calls itself a republic, we can be sure that liberty does not exist there.
It is always worthy wondering raymnod the authors raised to the category of totalitarisom are men of their time who could be considered old-fashioned nowadays. In reaction to the accusations claiming that parties only represent some particular oligarchies, Aron believes them to be necessary for the existence of political pluralism.
Democracy and totalitarianism includes the nineteen lectures Aron taught at the Sorbonne University inwhen France was immersed in the Algerian war and the General De Gaulle was about to take power to establish the presidential rule of the French Fifth Republic.
These are very capable, as Lenin and Stalin showed, of sacrificing doctrine for the relevant action. Hotalitarismo, fanaticism is not incompatible with some scepticism.
Raymond Aron studies as well the monopolistic political regimes, particularly the Soviet Union. One of his most interesting observations is the presence of contrast between the soviet reality and the constitutional fictions.
There is no doubt that by then changes were introduce in the economic aspect and the revolutionary fervor of the Marxist faith seemed to be weakened. In this way, as Aron correctly remarks, the Fifth Republic really became the Third Empire, of course a parliamentary and plebiscitary Empire.
Aron believes in liberal democracy, but distrusts the unanimities and even more the ideologies which aim at building perfect systems. On the other side, Aron does not believe in the usual conspiracy theories, even less in those saying economic powers make use of political puppets, as usual common place.
The author reviews presidential and parliamentary democracies and compares the European and American political systems.
Democracia y totalitarismo ( edition) | Open Library
Review by Antonio R. Soviets had several constitutions that on paper meant a plural regime. There was no need to wait for an uprising of the governed. As opposed to Nazism and Fascism, which never conceal their hate towards liberal democracy, communist used to make a clear commitment to democracy, even though they never applied it.
Democracia y totalitarismo
Until which point could it evolve after the de-Stalinization driven by Khrushchev? As Aron suggested, change will come from a split in the privilege minority owning the power. Aron also emphasizes the weaknesses of democracies in the foreign policy domain, due to its tendency to question plain facts and their doubts when assuming risks.
Otherwise, which political regime would be free of not being identified as an oligarchy? In short, democracy can disappoint, but alternatives are much worse.
In these terms all others are traitors. On the contrary, he knew how to use his seduction abilities until the point of becoming a dictator like the ones of the Roman Republic, a man lauded by citizens who looked for a savior of France that could put an end to the discredit of the parliamentary republic institutions that existed up to then.
During his life, he wrote outstanding economic analysis, but democracix was not incompatible with his affirmation that it is not always easy to know what economic powers want, although he underlines that it is very simple to affirm that it is a unitary force.
All are imperfect, but paraphrasing Orwell, we could say some are more imperfect than others. Ideology has become a mean to an end. Review by Antonio Rubio Plo, international politics analyst and professor of comparative ddmocracia and Spanish foreign policy.
De Gaulle did not need to use sedition to bury the Forth Republic.
Democracia y totalitarismo : Raymond Aron :
Nevertheless, this could not be used for the transformation of the system because party monopoly, ideological orthodoxy and bureaucratic absolutism continued. They will doubtlessly useful. Aron knew perfectly the man who was going to govern France. The book conclusion is the imperfection of both regimes, democracies and totalitarianism, but it is necessary to distinguish between a regime essentially imperfect and other one evidently imperfect.