The Body-cathexis Scale is examined to assess its psychometric properties. Results indicate a strong unidimensional measure with high internal consistency. The Body Cathexis Scale (BCS) was the first psychometric instrument devised to measure body dissatisfaction. In this study we report the. The oriainal Bodv-cathexis Scale (BCS) used by Secord and Jourard () consisted of a list of 46 parts or aspects of the body. These were rated by.
|Published (Last):||18 February 2015|
|PDF File Size:||3.25 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||6.20 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
It must be emphasized that such a procedure relaxes the criterion of detenninancy considerably and so no strong claim for the uniqueness of this solution can be made here. Perceptual and Motor Skills53 3 Low body cathexis and preoccupation can contribute to the development of eating disorders among female adolescents in particular, often a result of societal pressures and expectations catheis achieve the ideal, thin body type.
What Sxale Does Gender Make? The items all lie within a positive manifold, the maximum inter-item correlation being 0.
Journal of Applied Social Psychology. Enter the email address you signed up with and we’ll email you a reset link. It is recommended as a scale for research into the role of body feelings in self-concept and personality.
The means and standard deviations of each item were calculated to observe their ability to discriminate between Ss. Tucker also discovered a test-retest reliability coefficient of 0. There appears to be support for the use of the BCS in self-concept research and yet, despite this, there has been a paucity of psychometric investigation into the scale Wylie, ; Crandall, ; Bums, Theory, M easurement, Development and Behaviour.
This is a prerequisite of replicable factors. Only six questionnaires were dropped due to inappropriate responding. Cathexls for Social Research, Scqle.
Total body cathexis BC is obtained by summing the ratings for each of the 46 characteristics and dividing by total number of items. Gardner Press, New York. sdale
A psychometric investigation into the body-cathexis scale | Sean Hammond –
Body cathexis is defined as the degree of satisfaction or dissatisfaction one feels towards various parts and aspects of his or her own body. Relationship among body measurements, fit satisfaction, and body cathexis. This finding further undermines claims of a multidimensional scale.
Factor V is a body-built factor associated with weight, while Factor VI is a body-built factor associated with physique and muscular strength. It is argued, on the basis of this investigation, that the BCS has good psychometric properties. Factors manifesting an appropriate degree of determinancy were rotated to simple structure using the Oblimin procedure of Jennrich and Sampson Effects of advanced weight-training on body cathexis and self-esteem.
The BCS has been used in a variety of studies showing relationships to parental attitudes Remy,body size Jourard and Secord,somatic symptoms Johnson, and self-esteem Weinburg, Skip to main content. Clothing and Textiles Research Journal31 3 Respondents below the age of 17 were sampled from schools in Cork city and the remainder were students at University College, Cork; of the sample were female and were male.
Clothing and Textiles Research Journal2, Cultural scripting, particularly male socialization that fosters exercise involvement and physical fitness, may be partially responsible for higher body cathexis scores among males, since participation in fitness activities tends to yield significant improvement in body satisfaction.
Among the few empirical studies relevant to the relatedness of the body and the self is that of Schilder, who — through a series of self-report questionnaires — procured evidence suggesting that negative feelings, associations, and memories about the body can probe higher levels of dissatisfaction with the self. Journal of Consulting Psychology, bodj 5 Feelings about the body have marked behavioral consequences, and as both casual and clinical observations suggest, body cathexis and body perceptions play a significant role in garment fit satisfaction.
Because body image and body weight are a cahexis priority in western culture, men and women alike face gender-based societal pressures to achieve an ideal body image, which in turn influences feelings about the body and preoccupation with size, shape, weight, and appearance. Perceptual and Motor Skills73, A Pearson product-moment inter-item correlation matrix was calculated and a maximum likelihood factor analysis was performed Joreskog, The items loading on this factor appear to have no common theme other than the fact that they are all body parts.
No item showed a standard deviation small enough to justify its exclusion from the scale. Procedure The questionnaire was administered in groups during a class or lecture period.
Body cathexis – Wikipedia
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Nevertheless, the seven-factor solution, upon rotation, showed clear simple bofy and ease of interpretation.
The determinancy and factor correlations are shown in Table 3. Views Read Edit View history. Consumer behaviour Psychoanalytic terminology.
The factor correlations reveal cqthexis they are not mutually independent as the smallest inter-factor correlation is 0. Consequently, as suggested by the results of both the body cathexis and self cathexis scales which represent attitudes about conceptual aspects of the self in correlation to the bodylow body cathexis is significantly associated with anxiety, insecurity, and negative perceptions of the self.
There was a problem providing the content you requested
Considering the importance of the construct of body-self in notions bpdy personality and self-concept, the scale clearly has utility in further psychological research. British Journal of Psychology. Thorndike recommends a sample size of at least if the standard error in the inter-item correlation matrix is to be minimized.
Similarly, social stimuli may play a reciprocal role in anticipating behavior, contributing to the formation of negative feelings about the body. Clothing and Textiles Research Journal8 2 He investigated the principal component structure of a item version of the scale and discovered four orthogonal components which he designated, Health and Physical Fitness, Face and Overall Appearance, Subordinate and Independent Sclae Features and Physique and Muscular Strength.
This page was last edited on 14 Mayat